Percent DataWindow expression function
Description
Gets the percentage that the current value represents of the
total of the values in the column.
Syntax
1 
<span>Percent</span> ( <span>column</span> { FOR <span>range</span> { DISTINCT { <span>expres1</span> {, <span>expres2</span> {, ... } } } } } ) 
Argument 
Description 

column 
The column for which you want the value 
FOR range (optional) 
The data to be included in the percentage.
For Crosstabs, specify CROSSTAB for range:
For Graph and OLE objects, specify one of the following:

DISTINCT (optional) 
Causes Percent to 
expresn (optional) 
One or more expressions that you want 
Return Values
A numeric datatype (decimal, double, integer, long, or real).
Returns the percentage the current row of column represents
of the total value of the column.
Usage
Usually you use Percent in a column to
display the percentage for each row. You can also use Percent in
a header or trailer for a group. In the header, Percent displays
the percentage for the first value in the group, and in the trailer,
for the last value in the group.
If you specify range, Percent returns
the percentage that the current row of column represents
relative to the total value of range. For example,
if column 5 is salary, Percent(#5 for
is equivalent to
group 1)salary/(Sum(Salary
.
for group 1))
If you specify DISTINCT, Percent returns
the percent that a distinct value in column represents
of the total value of column. If you specify expresn, Percent returns
the percent that the value in column represents
of the total for column in a row in which the
value of expresn is distinct.
The percentage is displayed as a decimal value unless you
specify a format for the result. A display format can be part of
the computed field’s definition.
For graphs and OLE objects, you do not select the range when
you call the function. The range has already been determined by
the Rows setting on the Data property page (the Range property),
and the aggregation function uses that range. Settings for Rows
include the following:

For the Graph or OLE
presentation style, Rows is always All. 
For Graph controls, Rows can be All, Page, or Group.

For OLE controls, Rows can be All, Current Row,
Page, or Group. The available choices depend on the layer the control
occupies.
Null values are ignored and are not considered in the calculation.
You cannot use Percent or other aggregate functions in validation
rules or filter expressions. Percent does not work for crosstabs;
specifying “for crosstab” as a range is not available
for Percent.
Using an aggregate function cancels the effect of setting
Retrieve Rows As Needed in the painter. To do the aggregation, a DataWindow object always retrieves
all rows.
Examples
This expression returns the value of each row in
the column named salary as a percentage of the total of salary:
1 
<span>Percent</span>(salary) 
This expression returns the value of each row in
the column named cost as a percentage of the total of cost in group
2:
1 
<span>Percent</span>(cost for group 2) 
This expression entered in the Value box on the Data
tab page in the Graph Object property sheet returns the value of
each row in the qty_ordered as a percentage of the total
for the column in the graph:
1 
<span>Percent</span>(qty_ordered for graph) 
Assuming a DataWindow object displays the order number,
amount, and line items for each order, this computed field returns
the order amount as a percentage of the total order amount for the
distinct order numbers:
1 
<span>Percent</span>(order_amt for all DISTINCT order_nbr) 